Some details of Boxer dog breeding

Boxer takes its origin from the Mastiff dogs, the native lands of which is Tibet. The progenitor of many dogs was the Tibetan Mastiff - large thick haired dog of black and tan color. With time, these dogs lost their thick fur but the other features remained the same. The pictures of these short haired dogs were found during excavation works in Assyria and Persia. These dogs were used for hounding big animals such as lions, bulls etc. There are also pictures showing their use as guard or fighting dogs. The dogs of the kind were very expensive and only noblemen, chieftains and emperors could afford them.

There were no single look for these dogs up to the 19th century. However, there could be distinguished two kinds of Bullenbeissers in Europe. They were Large Bullenbeisser and Small Bullenbeisser, also called Danzig and Brabant Bullenbeissers. The most popular among them was the Small one as it was strong, agile and very brave. In 19th century, three friends Robert, Kenig and Helner gathered together aimed at creation of the new working dog breed on the basis od the Small Bullenbeisser dog. Huge selection work allowed to breed harmonious, strong and fearless dog with specific head construction and stable and strong nervous system.

The original dog was the Bullenbeisser bitch Flora of brindle color, brought from France. She had a look very close to the desirable breed. Her partner was red Boxle of German origin. In 1898 their famous grand granddaughter Meta was born. It was a whitish with brindle spots dog that is considered to be the foremother of all boxers.

The second famous producer became an orange coloured bitch Mirzle (Piccolo's sister from the other set). The families of Meta and Mirzle were the biggest and the most productive. Among the Meta's offsprings we should mention Gugo fon Pfaltsgau and Shani fon de Passage, the sons from Flock San-Salvatore. Unlike the majority of those times boxers, Flock was highlegged with flattened snout, but he appeared to be a good producer. The offsprings of Gugo and Shani gave an excellent puppy Millo fon Agelshtein in 1921. He was the main producer in breeding of orange-coloured boxers, had excellent parameters and gave a number of outstanding offsprings. However, his male posterity didn't have a breeding value, so his line gradually vanished. Although, the bitches of his line were used for crossing with other producers.

The other Meta's partner, brindle-coloured Wotan 46 were born the champion Gigerle 113. He had rather large body and even brindle colour, dominating over tan and spotted colour. Gigerl's granddaughter Venus and Kurt Pfaltsgau produced famous Rolf Fogelsburg 1183. He had beautiful head and proper body. His exhibition carrier is unique. Last time he won on the dog ring at the age of 11. Rolf's offsprings Rolf Valhall 3091 and Moritz fon Goldrain 4369 successfully continued the line.

Analyzing the initial working period with boxer breed, it is to be said that the new breed creation was held purposefully through usage of the progressive selection methods. They included inbreeding for the model dog breed with gradual desirable type fixing. Selection experts created a new breed without losing anything of the ancestors' rich legacy. Its creators from the very beginning made the right choice in severe dog screening if they had undesirable features such as bare bite and spotted, black or white colours. In 1896 there was created a club for boxer admirers with residence in Munich. The same year the first breed description was made. Breed standards of 1905, 1920 and 1925 continuously introduced more strict figure requirements that allowed to achieve quick success. The last standard editing is dated by 1967 and it was fixed in the International Cynological Association under type 144.